Sen. Mitch McConnell Kills President Trump’s Plan to Cut $60 Billion in Spending

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H/T Breitbarts Big Government.

One more reason Mitch The Bitch McConnell(RINO-KY) needs to be replaced as Majority Leader.

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R, KY) has torpedoed President Donald Trump’s plan to cut $60 billion in federal spending, despite a promise to open a “discussion” on the cuts.

Even after supporting and passing a $1.3 trillion increase in spending, McConnell said he would talk about a rescissions package that had the support of the president. However, McConnell has ultimately refused to support the plan, Conservative Review noted.

McConnell appeared on Fox News with host Neil Cavuto on April 17 and as the interview ended, the Sen. insisted that he could not make such an agreement to rescind any of the massive spending he supported during the budgeting process.

Cavuto noted that President Trump expressed shock that his cuts in spending were not added to the bill and said he would never sign such a bill again. The Fox host then asked if McConnell would try to rescind any of that spending.

But the majority leader said that he already brokered an agreement with the Democrats and that train has left the station. “You can’t make an agreement one month and say, ‘OK, we really didn’t mean it,’” McConnell said of a move to cut spending.

McConnell also took pains to remind Cavuto that Trump supported his spending bill and signed it into law. “He and his people were involved in the negotiations, they agreed to it, and he signed the bill.”

“We had an agreement with the Democrats,” the Kentuckian added.

The majority leader and his supporters maintained that the spending bill was a must pass because it contained the much-needed budget for the military. But as CR’s Chris Pandolfo noted, that excuse does not factor into any move to rescind some of the budgeted spending because the military budget is now already set in motion.

Perhaps the main reason why a bill to realize Trump’s spending cuts will not advance in the U.S. Senate is because Mitch McConnell does not want to support spending cuts, Pandolfo said.


Possible Remains of WWII Tuskegee Airman Located in Austria

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H/T War History OnLine.

  Tuskegee Airman Captain Lawrence E. Dickson may finally be laid to rest and bring closure to his family.

The Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency (DPAA) is investigating a crash site in the Alps. It is believed that the wreckage may be that of Captain Lawrence E. Dickson’s P-51 Mustang. Dickson was one of the legendary Tuskegee Airmen, the black fighter pilots who trained at the Tuskegee Army Flying School and served with distinction in World War II.

Dickson is one of the 27 Tuskegee Airmen that went missing in action during the war when his plane crashed on December 23, 1944.

According to Joshua Frank, an analyst with DPAA, if the remains are positively identified as Dickson’s, he will be the first of the 27 to be located.

The initial evidence is strongly pointing to the crash site as indeed being Dickson’s Mustang. DNA testing is still pending on the remains found at the site.

Dickson was 24 at the time of the crash. He was assigned to the 100th Fighter Squadron which was based at Ramitelli, Italy.

Just before Christmas in 1944, he led an escort of an unarmed P-38 Lightning photo reconnaissance plane over Nazi-controlled Czechoslovakia.

Aviation Cadets in physics class, Tuskegee Alabama, 1943

While heading into enemy territory, his plane developed engine trouble. The other P-51s stayed with him while the P-38 flew on to continue the mission.

Unable to find a spot to land in the mountainous region while his plane was steadily losing altitude, he ejected his canopy. The other pilots looked for signs of a parachute or wreckage, but they saw nothing. They believed he crashed near Tarvisio, Italy. There was no search conducted for him.

U.S. Army Air Forces North American P-51C Mustang fighters of the 332nd Fighter Group take off from Ramitelli airfield, Italy, to escort heavy bombers sent to bomb a German refinery for synthetic oil at Blechhammer (today Blachownia Śląska, Poland), on 7 August 1944. Note the P-51s have wing tanks for the extra fuel needed for such long missions.

Surviving Dickson was his wife, Phyllis. Phyllis passed away in December. She was 96. Dickson and Phyllis had one daughter, Marla Andrews who was two when her father died. Andrews is now 75 and residing in New Jersey.

After the war, the Allies seized German documents concerning downed Allied aircraft. Frank has compiled those documents into a report which the DPAA is using to open a new investigation into WWII crash sites in Italy.

On December 23, 1944, there is an entry in the records, but it is not in Italy. Instead, the crash is reported in Austria, six miles from the suspected site.

Frank was able to find the location of the crash with some help from local residents. The DPAA is working with the University of New Orleans, the University of Innsbruck, and the National World War II Museum to excavate the area.

Maj James A. Ellison reviews first class of Tuskeegee Airmen, returning the salute of Mac Ross, one of the first graduates. A BT-13 is visible on the left.

The actual plane was covered with a layer of moss. The trees around the wreck were scarred by the .50-caliber rounds that exploded while the plane burned.

The human bones found at the site will have their DNA compared to that of Andrews.

Marla Andrews said she never stopped trying to connect with her father. She called it “a questioning, a void,” and said she realized she would likely never find the answers to her searching questions.

Until 1940, African-Americans were prohibited from flying for their country. In 1941, pressure from civil rights groups and black media led to the creation of the Tuskegee Airmen, an all African-American aviator Army squadron.

Photograph shows Tuskegee airmen leaving the arachute room, March 1945.

The term “Tuskegee Airmen” is used to cover everyone involved in the Tuskegee experiment. It includes the pilots but also the navigators, mechanics, instructors, staff and other personnel who worked to keep the planes in the air.

The Airmen overcame discrimination and segregation to become one of the most highly respected and honored squadrons of the war. Their dedication and heroism directly led to opportunities in the military being made available for people of all races.

According to the official DPAA website, there are still over 72,000 American service members missing from World War II alone.

Wells Fargo Stems the Tide: Not a Bank’s Job to Set U.S. Gun Policy

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H/T Breitbarts Big Government.

Wells Fargo has made the correct decision to stand up to David Camrea Hogg and his astroturf thugs.

Wells Fargo stemmed the tide of the push for new financial restrictions on gun makers and sellers by stressing that it is not a bank’s job to set U.S. gun policy.

Wells Fargo believes firearm policy is a debate for Congress instead.

According to Reuters, Wells Fargo chief financial officer John Shrewsberry said, “The best way to make progress on these issues is through the political and legislative process. In the meantime, Wells Fargo is engaging our customers that legally manufacture firearms and other stakeholders on what we can do together to promote better gun safety in our communities.”

Wells Fargo’s refusal to place new regulations or stipulations on legal firearm manufacturers represents a break with Citigroup and Bank of America. On March 23, 2018, Breitbart News reported that Citibank now requires customers who own gun stores to stop selling long guns to anyone under the age of 21 and to quit selling “high-capacity” magazines as well.

They also ask gun stores to refuse to sell any gun until an extended background check comes back conclusive, even though federal law recognizes that a federal firearms license holder can legally sell a gun if a check lasts three days and no incriminating evidence against the would-be buyer is found.

Last week, Bank of America made clear they will no longer loan money to manufacturers that make “military-style firearms.”

On March 9, 2018, Breitbart News reported that Visa refused to cut ties with semi-automatic rifle makers. In a statement conveying sentiment similar to Wells Fargo’s, Visa said it was not their job to “[set] restrictions on the sale of lawful goods and services.”

AWR Hawkins is an award-winning Second Amendment columnist for Breitbart News, the host of the Breitbart podcast Bullets with AWR Hawkins, and the writer/curator of Down Range with AWR Hawkins, a weekly newsletter focused on all things Second Amendment, also for Breitbart News. He is the political analyst for Armed American Radio. Follow him on Twitter: @AWRHawkins. Reach him directly at Sign up to get Down Range at

Texan Convicted of Voter Fraud Unaware She Voted Illegally

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H/T Breitbart Texas.

As the old adage goes ignorance of the law is no excuse. 

A Texas woman, previously convicted of felony tax fraud, said she had no idea she voted illegally when she cast her ballot in the 2016 presidential election. Now, she faces five years behind bars for voter fraud.

“I had no idea that me being on probation at the time that I couldn’t vote,” said Crystal Mason, 43, on Tuesday. She held a press conference to speak out against the lengthy five year jail sentence that state District Judge Ruben Gonzales handed her on March 28.

In Texas, convicted felons may not vote until they complete their full sentences. That includes time spent on supervised release or probation.

Mason already spent nearly three years in prison for committing felony tax fraud in 2011. She was under federal supervision at the time of the 2016 election. Mason told the court she went to vote at her usual polling place and learned her name was not on the voter rolls. Poll workers gave her a provisional ballot, given her eligibility to vote was questioned.

The Fort Worth Star-Telegram reported that Gonzalez asked why she did not thoroughly read the paperwork that came with the ballot. He pointed out that she had to sign an affidavit, a legal document, to obtain the ballot. Apparently, it stated a convicted felon still serving time, including parole or probation, could not vote.

Mason said she did not read the documents carefully because anelection official helped her. She claimed, however, she was never told by the court, her supervision officer, the election workers, or the federal judge who sentenced her in the tax fraud case that she could not vote until she finished serving her complete sentence.

She believes officials need to educate people placed on parole or probation about voting laws, adding that sacrificing more of her freedom was not something she would knowingly do, especially after serving time for tax fraud. Mason explained she was doing everything to turn her life around. She is the mother of two children and has two young grandchildren. She graduated from beauty school and was working.

Mason was indicted in March 2017. At that time, she said she believed she was targeted by prosecutors because she voted for Hillary Clinton and her case came at a time when voter fraud drew national attention, according to the Star-Telegram.

On Tuesday, Mason’s civil attorney Kim T. Cole alleged the punishment was racially motivated, claiming, “Tarrant County bills itself as being the reddest urban county in the country.”

Southern Methodist University Political Science Professor Cal Jillson felt Mason made a honest mistake and voted “without malice and without an attempt to defraud.” He toldKDFW Mason should not have voted. He thought a five-year sentence was harsh, though, and suggested instead a penalty or reprimand.

Mason is the second person recently convicted in Tarrant County for voting illegally. Last year, a judge sentenced Rosa Maria Ortega to serve eight years in prison. The Mexican national falsely claimed U.S. citizenship and voted as a Republican at least five times between 2004 and 2014 in Dallas County elections. During her trial, Ortega said she thought she was an American citizen when, in fact, she was a U.S. resident.

For now, Mason is free on bond, pending an appeal of her sentence.

Newly revealed government statistics hidden from public dismantle liberal gun control narrative….

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via Newly revealed government statistics hidden from public dismantle liberal gun control narrative….

David Hogg Pushing Boycott of Mutual Fund Companies Invested in Gun Manufacturer Stocks

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H/T Breitbarts Big Government.

David Camera Hogg’s boycotts have been backfiring and causing the companies or whoever is boycotted to prosper.

David Camera Hogg has had his fifteen minutes of fame it is time for his to STFU and go away.

Gun control proponent David Hogg is pushing a boycott of mutual fund companies invested in firearm manufacturer stocks.

This follows his boycott of Fox News’s Laura Ingraham, which resulted in her initially losing advertisers and apologizing to him only to have her viewership jump 20 percent.

Now Hogg is targeting BlackRock, Vanguard Group, and a few other mutual fund companies for holding gun manufacturers’ stock in their mutual funds.

Hogg tweeted:

David Hogg


.@blackrock and @Vanguard_Group are two of the biggest investors in gun manufacturers; if you use them, feel free to let them know. Thanks 😉

He is trying to get the hashtags #BoycottBlackrock and #BoycottVanguard to trend.

On April 17, Breitbart News reported that Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel (D) and the American Federation of Teachers (AFT) have launched similar campaigns. Emanuel wants to punish banks that continued unfettered business with gun makers and sellers by refusing city contracts to said banks. AFT is calling on school pension fund managers to divest of any holdings in manufacturers of “assault weapons.”

AWR Hawkins is an award-winning Second Amendment columnist for Breitbart News, the host of the Breitbart podcast Bullets with AWR Hawkins, and the writer/curator of Down Range with AWR Hawkins, a weekly newsletter focused on all things Second Amendment, also for Breitbart News. He is the political analyst for Armed American Radio. Follow him on Twitter: @AWRHawkins. Reach him directly at Sign up to get Down Range at

Small-Town County Takes on the NRA Boycotters

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H/T Town Hall.

It is good to see people standing up and saying we are going to boycott the NRA boycotters.

BUTLER, Pa. — A Western Pennsylvania sheriff has issued an order within his department to not conduct county sheriff business with any of the corporations that have decided to cut ties with members of the National Rifle Association.

Sheriff Michael Slupe’s order, released April 3, read as follows: “Though I cannot dictate which companies you utilize in your personal life, I can and am going to dictate which companies the Butler County Sheriff’s Office will not use.

“When making arrangements for any extradition or stay over that you are scheduling, the below companies will not be permitted to be used:

“Airlines: Delta and United

“Hotels: Wyndam Group of Hotels, which includes: Baymont Inn & Suites, Days Inn, Dolce Hotels & Resorts, Hawthorn Suites, Howard Johnson, Knights Inn, Microtel Inn & Suites, and Ramada.

“Rental Vehicles: Enterprise Holdings, which includes Enterprise, National, and Alamo.

“Also not permitted to use is Avis and Hertz.

“These companies made the choice to boycott the NRA for whatever their reason(s) are, so, I am making the choice not to support them.

“This order takes effect immediately.”

On the corporate response of punishing NRA members in their affiliate programs after the Parkland, Florida, high school mass shooting, Slupe said: “I believe it is important to send a message as a department that we support the members of our community that are members of the NRA that have had nothing to do with any of the shootings, yet they are the face of the blame in the eyes of corporate America.”He added: “While I cannot tell people what to in their personal choices outside of the county sheriff department, I can direct this department to not use the services of these corporations who made the choice to punish NRA members.”

Sheriff Slupe was first elected into office in 2009, the first Republican to hold the seat in nearly three decades. He won the election by 69 percent of the vote over his Democratic opponent. He won again in 2013 and last November, both times receiving over 98 percent of the vote. To date, Slupe has received no complaints from his constituents or his deputies.

Slupe said: “I don’t believe the NRA is responsible for any of these tragedies that have occurred, as a matter of fact, the NRA is more about education and safety than any group out there. So when these companies decided to boycott the NRA, for whatever their reasons I have a problem with that.”

He did put an asterisk in his order that says if the hotels are independently owned, like the Days Inn in Butler, they will not be part of the boycott. He said: “I know the owner. He’s an independent, he’s a businessman. I won’t have a problem with having my people go to an independently owned hotel in one of these groups. But if it’s not, they aint using ’em.”

In the aftermath of mass shootings in this country, the pattern of behavior has been grassroots activists demanding gun control laws and gun rights groups including the NRA responding with reasons why they oppose gun control laws.

After the school shooting in Parkland in February, student survivors responded with a call for a movement and boycotts, resulting in rallies across the country one month later, several retailers introducing restrictions on gun sales at their stores, and other companies such as Delta Airlines, Hertz and Wyndham Hotels announcing cuts on discounts for NRA members.

The corporate and political movement has escalated against NRA members; earlier this month, the American Federation of Teachers President Randi Weingarten said: “We’re issuing Wells Fargo an ultimatum — they can have a mortgage market that includes America’s teachers, or they can continue to do business with the NRA and gun manufacturers. They can’t do both.”

Bank of America will stop lending to manufacturers of “military-style firearms” that are sold for civilian use, Vice Chairman Anne Finucane revealed on Bloomberg Television last week. After internal discussions with the bank’s gun-manufacturing clients, it decided it will no longer finance their operations.

Los Angeles City Councilman Mitch O’Farrell introduced a proposal in late March asking city staffers to arrange a list of businesses that have a “formal relationship” with the NRA and then discuss ways to boycott business with them. That edict includes FedEx, who is working with the city Harbor Department to operate a warehouse and office space. To date, FedEx has not caved to the pressure from gun control advocates to stop providing discounted shipping for members of the NRA.

Slupe says he understands his effort is tiny in scope compared to the economic impact it will have to those goliath efforts of the big corporations, unions and large-city administrations: “We all make choices. Their decision was to cut their ties with the NRA for one reason or another. And I’m not bad-mouthing them. They made a choice. So I’m gonna make a choice. And we’re not gonna use these companies to do our work.”

Jennifer Rubin Explains Why She Can ‘Never’ Go Back to the GOP

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H/T Town Hall.

Jennifer Rubin and her RINO comrades will not be missed in the Republican Party.

To many conservatives, Washington Postcontributor Jennifer Rubin lost her credentials to the movement long ago. Her recent interview with POLITICO’s Off Message podcast may have barred her from any consideration for reinstatement as well.

The Republican Party “has become the caricature the left always said it was—the party of old white men.”

It’s all Trump’s fault, she suggested.

Before Trump, she says, being a conservative meant embracing American exceptionalism, forceful moral leadership of the world, promotion of the free market and “fiscal conservatism, which now is a hoot,” she said. “Conservatism, as opposed to Republicanism—and I think that’s an important distinction—was really about a temperament as much as a substantive list of issues. There was a certain modesty in approaching government … a certain humility about governance and a reliance on the structures of the Constitution to keep central government from getting to be too powerful.” (Politico)

To her, it seems Trump is “actively courting and stoking white resentment.”

Trump has infected other Republican leaders too, Rubin regretted. Last week, she wrote a whole op-ed about how he needs to find his soul.

Rubin’s public opinions of Trump and his confidantes can explain sentiments like this.

She’s not the only self described conservative to blame Trump for the Republican Party’s demise. Before outgoing Sen. Jeff Flake (R-AZ) compared the president’s rhetoric to that of Joseph Stalin’s during a speech on the Senate floor, he penned a book accusing Trump of causing conservatives to abandon their key principles.

Rubin’s disenchantment with the party seems to be permanently severed, however. She wrote an op-ed in 2016 entitled, “Dear GOP: I’m just not that into you,” announcing her exit from the Republican Party after Donald Trump’s nomination. It appears she can never return.

Rubin says she’s not going back to the Republican Party. She has dreams of a new party rising from the charred principles of conservatism, or of the Democratic Party rushing in to fill the void left in the center, but she knows they’re dreams.

Return of the Feckless Chick-Fil-A-Phobes

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H/T Town Hall.

It is funny to watch the left losing their minds over Chick-Fil-A restaurants opening in New York.

Move over, Trump Derangement Syndrome. Another unhinged liberal pathology is back:


Perhaps, in the interest of public health, the CDC should launch a weekly C-F-A-P surveillance report to map the recurrence of this culturally infectious disease. Early-onset symptoms include fear of pressure-cooked poultry, allergic reaction to waffle potato fries and an irrational hatred of cow costumes. Anti-Christian prejudice and coastal elitism are common comorbidities associated with this debilitating progressive condition.

Ground zero for the latest outbreak? The headquarters of The New Yorker magazine. This week’s issue online features the bigoted lament of writer Daniel Piepenbring, who decries the fast-food chain’s “creepy infiltration” of the Big Apple and warns against the company’s “pervasive Christian traditionalism.” Chick-fil-A opened its fourth location in the city last month. The largest franchise in the country, it seats 140, employs 150, and along with the other NYC locations, donates an estimated 17,000 pounds of food to a local pantry for the homeless and hungry. The company is reportedly on track to become the third-largest fast-food chain in the world.

What are the Chick-fil-A-phobes so afraid of?

A private business succeeding in the marketplace based on its merits, without coercion or cronyism.

An enterprise that values hard work, honesty and integrity.

A family-owned American Dream come true that creates jobs, pays taxes, satisfies customers of all backgrounds and gives back to the community.

Chick-fil-A’s corporate mission to “glorify God” and “enrich the lives of everyone we touch” leaves The New Yorker scribe terminally heartsick about the “ulterior motive” of its restaurant execs. So do the founding family’s commitments to faithful marriages, strong families, Sundays off and the highest standards of character for their employees. The frightened New Yorker critic is especially perturbed by the “Bible verses” enshrined at Chick-fil-A’s Atlanta headquarters and by the restaurant’s popular bovine mascots — which he dubs “morbid” and the “ultimate evangelists” — whose ubiquity on New York billboards and subway corridors is akin to a “carpet bombing.”

Notice, by the way, how these hysterical Chick-fil-a-phobes have no qualms about the success of Jewish-owned delis or the spread of Muslim halal food shop operators in New York City who openly pay tribute to their faiths. Imagine a reporter freaking out over Quran verses or Torah citations hung up on a business owner’s wall. Welcome to Social Justice 101, where discriminating against Christian-owned business in the name of opposing discrimination is the definition of tolerance.

We’ve been here before, of course. It was a liberal activist reporter and gay marriage advocate at The New York Times, Kim Severson, who helped launch the first nationwide witch hunt against Chick-fil-A in 2011. The former vice president of the National Gay and Lesbian Journalists Association used her straight-news platform to invoke fear of “evangelical Christianity’s muscle flexing” and spread false and libelous attacks on Chick-fil-A founder Truett Cathy and his family as “anti-gay.” Her propagandizing in the radical rag of record helped stoke boycotts and regulatory crackdowns by pandering Democrat Mayors Thomas Menino in Boston, Rahm Emanuel in Chicago, and New York City’s Bill de Blasio.

Ultimately, those media-manufactured efforts to stifle Chick-fil-A’s free enterprise and First Amendment rights failed. The company’s products have proved irresistible to customers on all sides of the political spectrum. Gastronomical satisfaction trumps anti-Christian zealotry and zealous anti-Trumpism.

And that’s what chaps the thin hides of the far-left journalists at The New York Times and The New Yorker who choke at the sights and smells of good, old-fashioned capitalism.

If leftists only want to eat and drink at a global fast-food company whose progressive CEO shares their Democrat-supporting, gun-grabbing, open-borders, gay marriage-boosting values, they should stick to Howard Schultz’s Starbucks cafes.

Oh, wait…

11 Things You Might Not Know About Neil Armstrong

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H/T Mental Floss.

A bit of interesting trivia about Neil Armstrong you may or may not know.


No matter where private or government space travel may take us in the future, NASA astronaut Neil Armstrong (1930-2012) will forever have a place as the first human to ever set foot on solid ground outside of our atmosphere. Taking “one small step” onto the moon on July 20, 1969, he inspired generations of ambitious people to reach for the stars in their own lives. Take a look at some facts about that famous quote, how a door hinge changed his life, and why he once went after Hallmark over a Christmas ornament.


Neil Armstrong poses for a portrait 10 years before the 1969 Apollo mission


Born August 5, 1930 in Wapakoneta, Ohio, Armstrong became preoccupied with aviation early on. At around age 6, his father took him on a ride in a Ford Trimotor airplane, one of the most popular airplanes in the world. By age 15, he had accumulated enough flying lessons to command a cockpit, reportedly before he ever earned his driver’s license. During the Korean War, Armstrong flew 78 combat missions before moving on to the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), the precursor to NASA.


When Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin touched down on the moon, hundreds of millions of television viewers were riveted. Armstrong could be heard saying, “That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.” But that’s not exactly what he said. According to the astronaut, he was fairly sure he stated, “That’s one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.” The “a” may have broken up on transmission or it may have been obscured as a result of his speaking patterns. (According to First Man: The Life of Neil A. Armstrong, Armstrong said, “I’m not particularly articulate. Perhaps it was a suppressed sound that didn’t get picked up by the voice mike. As I have listened to it, it doesn’t sound like there was time for the word to be there. On the other hand, I think that reasonable people will realize that I didn’t intentionally make an inane statement, and certainly the ‘a’ was intended, because that’s the only way the statement makes any sense. So I would hope that history would grant me leeway for dropping the syllable and understand that it was certainly intended, even if it wasn’t said—although it actually might have been.”) Armstrong claimed the statement was spontaneous, but his brother and others have claimed he had written it down prior to the mission.


Buzz Aldrin is seen walking on the moon


One of the most celebrated human achievements of the 20th century came at a time when video and still cameras were readily available—yet there are precious few images of Armstrong actually walking on the surface of the moon. (One of the most iconic shots, above, is Aldrin; Armstrong only appears as a reflection in his helmet.) The reason, according to Armstrong, is that he really didn’t care and didn’t think to ask Aldrin to snap some photos. “I don’t think Buzz had any reason to take my picture, and it never occurred to me that he should,” Armstrong told his biographer, James R. Hansen. “I have always said that Buzz was the far more photogenic of the crew.”


Theories abound as to why it was Armstrong and not Buzz Aldrin who first set foot on the moon. (On the Gemini missions, the co-pilot did the spacewalks, while the commander stayed in the craft. For Apollo 11, Armstrong was the commander.) The answer may have been the simple logistics of getting out of their lunar module. The exit had a right hinge that opened inwardly, with the man sitting on the left (Armstrong) having the most unobstructed path to the outside. Aldrin would have essentially had to climb over Armstrong to get out first.


The lunar module that took NASA astronauts to the moon


The romantic notion of a human stepping foot on space soil captured imaginations, but for Armstrong, it was getting there in one piece that was the real accomplishment. The lunar module Armstrong controlled had to be brought down on the moon’s surface from 50,000 feet up, avoiding rocks, craters, and other obstacles as it jockeyed into a position for landing. Because there is no air resistance, nothing could slow their descent, and they used thrusters to guide the craft down. That meant there was only enough fuel to attempt it once. The “business” of getting down the ladder was, in Armstrong’s view, less significant.


When Armstrong surveyed the surface of the moon, he collected a bag of dust for NASA scientists to examine. Apollo moon samples are illegal to buy or sell, but that apparently wasn’t the case with the “lunar collection bag” Armstrong used to hold the samples. In 2015, the bag was purchasedby Chicago resident Nancy Lee Carlson from a government auction site for $995. But its sale was, apparently, an accident: When Carlson sent the bag to NASA to confirm its authenticity, NASA said it was their property and refused to send it back—so Carlson took the agency to court. A judge ruled it belonged to Carlson, and in 2017, she sold the bag for a whopping $1.8 million at a Sotheby’s auction.


Richard Nixon greets the returning Apollo 11 astronauts


When Armstrong, Aldrin, and Michael Collins (who remained behind in the command module while the other two touched down on the moon) returned to Earth and were fetched by the USS Hornet, they got a king’s welcome. The only asterisk: They had to bask in their newfound fame from inside a sealed chamber. All three men were quarantined for three weeks in the event they had picked up any strange space virus. When President Richard Nixon visited, he greeted them through the chamber’s glass window.


Yes, the undergarment people. In the early 1960s, NASA doled out contract work for their space suits to government suppliers, but it was Playtex (or more properly the International Latex Corporation) and their understanding of fabrics and seams that led to NASA awarding them responsibility for the Apollo mission suits. Their A7L suit was what Armstrong wore to insulate himself against the harsh void of space when he made his famous touchdown. The astronaut called it “reliable” and even “cuddly.”


Newil Armstrong sits behind a desk in 1970


Following his retirement from NASA in 1971, Armstrong was reticent to remain in the public eye. Demands for his time were everywhere, and he had little ambition to become a walking oral history of his singular achievement. Instead, he accepted a job as a professor of engineering at the University of Cincinnati and remained on the faculty for eight years.


Hallmark was forced to defend itself when Armstrong took issue with the company using his name and likeness without permission for a 1994 Christmas ornament. The bulb depicted Armstrong and came with a sound chip that said phrases like, “The Eagle has landed.” The two parties came to an undisclosed but “substantial” settlement in 1995, which was, according to First Man, donated to Purdue University (minus legal fees).


Armstrong’s preference to lead a private life continued over the decades, but he did make one notable exception. For a 1979 Super Bowl commercial spot, Armstrong agreed to appear on camera endorsing Chrysler automobiles. Armstrong said he did it because he wanted the struggling U.S. car maker to improve their sales and continue contributing to the domestic economy. The ads never mentioned Armstrong was an astronaut.

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