In 130 AD, Emperor Hadrian of Rome built a temple to Jupiter on the ruins of the second Jewish Temple. This temple was destroyed in 70 AD. Hadrian also banned circumcision and other anti-Jewish policies. These actions led to the second Jewish-Roman war in 132 AD.

It took Hadrian three long and bloody years to crush the revolt.

In 135 AD Hadrian ordered Zion (now known as Israel) renamed Syria Palaestina. The “Palaestina” came from Israel’s age-old enemy the Philistines.

Arrogantly, Hadrian vowed to wipe out the Jews and erase any memory of Zion, and after the war Hadrian continued his persecution of the Jews. He banned the Torah Law, the Hebrew calendar, and executed ten Jewish scholars.

While Hadrian has passed into the pages of history, his intended target of eradication the Jews is still alive and well.

Between 1517 and 1917, Palestine was a unimportant back-water area of the sprawling Ottoman Empire. At its height in 1683, it covered vast parts of the Middle East and North Africa. It was separated into smaller sub-districts, with the largest being the province of Syria (and later Beirut).

Palestine initially prospered under the Ottoman Empire.  

As the Ottoman Empire declined, Palestine was reduced to a unimportant, sparsely populated area. When it was defeated in World War I (1914-1918), its lands, like those of Europe, were divided up by the victorious Allies. 

The division of the Ottoman Empire created  the Middle East we know today. It included Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon. The Allies also redrew the boundaries of Palestine, and officially recognized the Jewish national homeland as Israel. 

In the 1917 Balfour Declaration, Britain endorsed Zionist aspirations to reestablish their homeland. 1920 international peace negotiations incorporated the Balfour Declaration into the treaty of Sevres and called for a Mandate in Palestine. In 1922, the League of Nations instructed the British Mandate authorities to facilitate Jewish immigration into and settlement of Palestine.

Many European and Arab leaders hoped the Jews would revive the small, impoverished,
thinly-populated area. 

In 1922, in response to Arab pressure, Britain violated the Mandate and cut off 77% of Palestine, and granted it exclusively to the Hashemites and forbade Jewish immigration and settlement in what became Jordan.Today over 70% of Jordanians are Palestinian Arabs. 

In 1923 Britain once again violated the Mandate and gave the Golan Heights to the French Mandate, which later became Syria. During the Mandate, the term “Palestinian” described both Jewish and Arab residents of Palestine. Jews have been in the majority since 1860.

U.N. resolution #181 recommended partitioning the remaining Mandate between Arabs and Jews. The Jewish portion had a Jewish majority.  Jewish Leaders accepted it even though their portion compromised 13% of the original Mandate and 60% of it was the arid Negev Desert. Arab Leaders rejected the offer to create another Arab State in the Mandate, and instead went to war to seize the whole area and eliminate Israel. 

When the war in 1948 ended, Jordan annexed the area and renamed it The West Bank. Both areas remained the unallocated portions of the former British Mandate.

With these cease fire borders, Israel was only nine miles wide at it center, leaving its
population centers vulnerable to both military and terrorist attacks.

In the 1950’s and 1960’s, Arabs opposed to Israel’s existence repeatedly launched attacks 
from Syria, The West Bank, and Gaza.

In 1967, when  Israel’s neighbors mobilized for a full scale invasion and blocked her waterways,
Israel preempted them in a defensive war. In the six days of fighting, Israel captured strategically
vital buffer zones, the Golan Heights, the Sinai Peninsula, and the Gaza Strip.

Israel immediately offered to negotiate with Jordan, Syria, and Egypt and return land for peace, but Arab governments refused to talk to or recognize Israel.

In 1973 Syria and Egypt launched a surprise attack to destroy Israel on Yom Kippur and 
were once again defeated. 

Hoping to foster peace, Israel relinquished the entire Sinai Peninsula
which it had captured in 1967,t o Egypt in the 1979 Camp David Peace Accords.

Using the land for “peace model”, Israel and the Palestinians tried to negotiate for a possible 
Palestinian State in the West Bank and Gaza. By the time Arafat launched the violent 
Second Inftifada (shaking off) in 2000, 98% of Palestinians lived under a autonomous Palestinian government.   

Seeing it had no “Peace Partner” and hoping for progress, Israel unilaterally withdrew from Lebanon in 2000, and from Gaza and parts of the West bank in 2005. Nonetheless, following 
the withdrawals, Israel was continuously attacked by Palestinians from Gaza and the
West Bank, and Hezbollah from Lebanon.  

From 1987-1991, the P.L.O. imitated the First Inftifada (shaking off) after false rumors of Israeli atrocities circulated through Palestinian refugee camps. Palestinians claimed this was a non-violent uprising. However it quickly turned violent, causing the deaths of 27 Israelis. More than 1400 Israeli civilians and 1700 Israeli soldiers injured. Almost half (1000) Palestinian casualties
were caused by by other Palestinians in the Infitada, or internal fighting among Palestinian factions. 

1994 saw the first suicide bombing of a bus in central Israel killing eight Israelis, a tactic the would increasingly used by Islamic terrorists.

From 2000-2006,  the second “Al Aqsa” Intifida was launched with a campaign of suicide bombings and terrorist attacks, which began on September 29, 2000. Within five years, over 1,086 Israeli’s died and over 7,000 were injured, 69% of them were civilians. Approximately 3,000 Palestinians were killed. 

After Israel completely withdrew from Gaza in 2005, Hamas and other terrorists unleashed a barrage of daily rocket attacks into Israel. The city of Sderot, which is one mile from Gaza, was hit by over 360 Qassam rockets within a six month period. 

In June 2006, terrorists tunneled from Gaza into Israel, killing two soldiers and kidnapping one. Two weeks later, Hezbollah, supported by Syria and Iran, attacked Israel across international recognized Israel-Lebanon borders, killing eight soldiers and kidnapping two soldiers, and simultaneously launching a barrage of rockets against civilian towns in northern Israel. Israel responded with military force that lasted 34 days.

The Palestinians are trying to lay claim to land that is not, and never, will belong to them.
The world and the U.N. are spreading lies about Israel’s ownership of the land, the land that Biblically, and historically, belongs to Israel.