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Abraham Lincoln was born February 12, 1809 to Thomas and Nancy Hanks Lincoln. The Lincolns lived in a one room log cabin on 248 acres in southeast Hardin County, Kentucky, which is now LaRue County, Kentucky.


Lincoln’s father bought the farm in December 1808. In 1816 the Lincolns made a forced new start in Perry County, Indiana. It is now know as Spencer County. The move was due partly to slavery, and partly due to land deed problems. (Kentucky did not have a proper United States survey. That fact made it hard to prove title to the land.)


When Abraham was nine years old his mother died from milk sickness. She was thirty four years old. A short time later his father married Sarah Bush Johnston. Lincoln had a great affection for his stepmother. He called her “Mother” the rest of his life. However, relationship with his father was strained.


In 1830 due to economic and land title problems the Lincolns moved to Macon County, Illinois. The following year they moved to Coles County,I llinois.


The 22-year-old Abraham then left to be on his own. He took a canoe to New Salem, Illinois. Later that year he was hired by Denton Offutt to move goods down river to New Orleans. Abraham had only 18 months of formal education. He was mostly self educated. He also was an avid reader. At 23 he attempted unsuccessfully to be elected as a Whig to the Illinois General Assembly. In 1834 he was elected as Representative from New Salem. He served four terms and became the leader of the Illinois Whig Party. Also that year, after acquiring a copy of The Commentaries on the Laws of England, he taught himself law.


After being admitted to the bar in 1837, Lincoln moved to Springfield to practice law. On November 4, 1842, Abraham Lincoln and Mary Todd were married. In 1846 he was elected to the House of Representatives, where he served one term. In 1854 he joined the newly-formed Republican Party.
In his 1858 during his campaign for the Senate, Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas had several debates. Lincoln lost the election to Douglas, but he and Douglas became friends. In 1860 Lincoln was the underdog in the nominating process, but went on to get the nomination.


On November 6, 1860 Lincoln was elected the sixteenth President of the United States.


The secession of southern states was led by South Carolina, and in April of 1861 the Civil War began. It raged on until April 9, 1865 when Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House.


On April 14, 1865 while attending the play Our American CousinJohn Wilkes Booth fatally wounded President Lincoln. At 7:22:10 a.m. on April 15, 1865, Abraham Lincoln died. He was the first president to be assassinated and the first to lie in state. His funeral train passed through several states, taking Abraham Lincoln home to Illinois for the last time.
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