This is from Wikipedia and Home of the Hero’s.
The first Medal of Honor ever PRESENTED was awarded by Secretary of War Edwin Stanton on March 25, 1863 to 19 year old Ohio Army Private JACOB PARROTT.  Parrott was a member of Andrew’s Raiders, immortalized in the movie “The Great Locomotive Chase”.  Eventually Parrott’s 18 fellow soldiers from that mission received Medals of Honor, 4 of them posthumously, ALL 19 of these heroes from OHIO.  They are noted below with a (A) for “Andrew’s Raiders”.  As a civilian, James Andrews himself was not eligible for the Medal of Honor. 

Jacob Wilson Parrott
Jacob Parrott

Jacob Wilson Parrott (July 17, 1843–December 22, 1908) was the first recipient of the Medal of Honor, a new military award first presented by the United States Department of War to several soldiers for their participation in the Great Locomotive Chase.

Parrott was a native of Fairfield County, Ohio, born in Lancaster. He joined the United States Army in 1861 as a private in Company K, 33rd Ohio Infantry and first saw combat in the Battle of Ivy Hill. In April 1862, he volunteered to take part in a daring raid with twenty-one others (later known as “Andrews Raiders” because they operated under the command of James J. Andrews). After infiltrating Confederate lines and hijacking the locomotive “General,” they were captured and imprisoned. Parrott and fourteen others managed to escape, but only six of them reached friendly lines. He served with the Union Army for the rest of the war. He was commissioned as a second lieutenant in 1863 after the Battle of Stones River and as a first lieutenant in 1864. After the war, he returned to Ohio and became a cabinet maker. Parrott died in Kenton, Ohio, where he is buried in Grove Cemetery.

Medal of Honor citation

Original Army Medal of Honor
The President of the United States
in the name of
The Congress
takes pleasure in presenting the
Medal of Honor


Rank and Organization:
Private, Company K, 33d Ohio Infantry. Place and date: Georgia, April 1862. Entered service at: Hardin County, Ohio. Birth: July 17, 1843, Fairfield County, Ohio. Date of issue: March 25, 1863.
One of the 19 of 22 men (including 2 civilians) who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell) penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Ga., in an attempt to destroy the bridges and tracks between Chattanooga and Atlanta.[1]